SIKHISM

Sikhism; Punjabi: ਸਿੱਖੀ, sikkhî, is a monotheistic religion founded during the 15th century in the Punjab region, by Guru Nanak[3] which continued to progress with ten successive Sikh gurus (the last teaching being the holy scripture Guru Granth Sahib). It is the fifth-largest organized religion in the world, with approximately 30 million Sikhs.

This system of religious philosophy and expression has been traditionally known as the Gurmat (literally 'wisdom of the Guru;'). Punjab, India is the only region in the world with a majority Sikh population.
  
Sikhs are expected to embody the qualities of a "Sant-Sipâhî"—a saint-soldier. One must have control over one's internal vices and be able to be constantly immersed in virtues clarified in the Guru Granth Sahib.
 
The principal beliefs of Sikhi are faith in Waheguru—represented by the phrase ik ôankâr, meaning one God, who prevails in everything, along with a praxis in which the Sikh is enjoined to engage in social reform through the pursuit of justice for all human beings. Sikhi teaches that God is Akal Purakh (eternal) and advocates the pursuit of salvation in a social context through the congregational practice of meditation on the name and message of God. The followers of Sikhi are ordained to follow the teachings of the ten Sikh gurus, or enlightened leaders, as well as the holy scripture entitled the Guru; Granth Sâhib Ji, which, along with the writings of six of the ten Sikh Gurus, includes selected works of many devotees from diverse socio-economic and religious backgrounds. Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth guru, conferred the leadership of the Sikh community to the Guru; Granth Sâhib and the corporate body of the Khâlsâ Panth (the Granth and the Panth). Sikhi's traditions and teachings are associated with the history, society and culture of Punjab. Adherents of Sikhî are known as Sikhs (students or disciples) and number over 30 million across the world.
 
Most Sikhs live in Punjab, India, although there is a significant Sikh diaspora. Until the Partition of India with the division of Punjab and the subsequent independence of Pakistan and later India, millions of Sikhs lived in what is now Pakistani Punjab.

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